What is Meningitis? Causes, symptoms and treatment
Meningitis is that disease that everyone knows but nobody places. Few people take it but there is always the risk and it is a high risk. For this reason, it is convenient to know everything about this complicated disease. We tell you what Meningitis is : causes , symptoms and treatment
What Is Meningitis?
We start with the elementary: what is Meningitis . It is a disease that results in infection and inflammation of the meninges . The meninges are the membranes that surround both the brain and the spinal cord.
Explain what it is Meningitis, is to explain a disease that appears from the hand of virus or bacteria . If these only affect the meninges, it will be a Meningitis. If the bacteria reaches the blood, we would speak of sepsis meningococcal . There are some cases in which both infections occur, aggravating the symptoms and the consequences
Once we know what Meningitis is, it is necessary to know the types of Meningitis that exist:
- Viral meningitis - Viral meningitis is the milder condition of the disease. So much so that the patient does not need to be treated and the body itself is regulated. It is not usual to leave sequelae and does not need vaccines.
- Bacterial meningitis - Bacterial meningitis is the serious and dangerous version of the disease. A patient with Bacterial meningitis should be hospitalized and, in some cases, quarantined in case it is contagious. Bacterial meningitis can lead to death or permanent brain sequelae. The most common Bacterial meningitis are:
- Meningococcus B
- Meningococcal C
- Haemophilus influenzae type b
How do you get Meningitis?
And how do you get Meningitis ? The truth is that this disease is highly contagious, hence the quarantine of some patients . Meningitis is spread through droplets of respiratory or throat secretions . That is to say, any type of contact with an infected person, can suppose the contagion.
How is Meningitis spread? Through kissing , sneezing , sharing covered , coughing or a > prolonged contact with someone affected. A long contact lasts more than five hours .
In spite of everything, the transmission is not as simple as influenza. The reason is that the incubation period of Meningitis can reach 10 days . Most times, luckily, it stays by the way. However, it usually gives more in spring and autumn.
However, another way to how Meningitis is spread is with other unvaccinated people that infect the rest. There are also cases to which the vaccine does not generate the antibodies necessary and does not protect you from the disease. In spite of everything, it is convenient and almost obligatory to give the vaccine. It is the most effective method to avoid infections.
The causes of Meningitis
Time now for the causes of Meningitis .Not only are they more bizarre, but when they arise they are much less dangerous than infectious ones.
Causes of Meningitis - Mumps and HIV
HIV and mumps viruses can also cause Meningitis. What's more, many people could have Meningitis and not realize it in all their lives because they do not sneeze
Causes of Meningitis - Herpes
In this case, the two most common herpes as a cause of meningitis, are the labial and genital.
The symptoms of Meningitis
Obviously, given the severity of the disease, it is not necessary to know the symptoms of Meningitis > strong>. As we have said, these symptoms of Meningitis may take 10 days to surface . If they do, the most common is that start like a strong flu and get worse as the days go by.
- High fever
- Severe headache
- Rigidity in the nape of the neck (if you have trouble saying yes with the head because the notes last, that is the stiff neck)
- Vomiting and nausea (explosive and uncontrolled vomiting)
- Loss of consciousness
- Stains on the skin (if they are reddish in color, they are petechiae and means that the thing is serious)
And what are the symptoms of Meningitis in babies? In the case of children under two years of age, the symptoms are:
- High fever
- Constant tire
- Loss of appetite
Meningitis symptoms , in addition to their own, can be derived. That is, the condition of Meningitis can lead to other ailments . These are the most common:
- Brain damage
- Cerebral edema
- Septic shock
- Renal insufficiency
- Cranial nerve palsy
Treatment against Meningitis
To finish, we review the treatment against Meningitis . A disease that, as we have said, heals itself on many occasions, although it requires some rest and tranquility. When it does not, because it is Bacterial meningitis , it is essential to apply the treatment against Meningitis
In general, the patient who requires hospital care for Bacterial meningitis , spends between 7 and 10 days admitted.
During the days of admission, the patient is subjected to a tremendous combo of antibiotics to stop the disease.
When they can not eat, the patient's food is the liquid that they give him intravenously. Like medications, they alternate with serum.
Treatment to other ailments
Meningitis may have sequels.Causes, types, symptoms and treatments