What is gonorrhea? Causes, symptoms and treatments
Gonorrhea is one of those sexually transmitted diseases that everyone knows. Now, when you ask what it consists of, few people know how to say it exactly. Precisely, that is what we are going to do. We are going to tell you what is gonorrhea : causes , symptoms and treatments . A disease more common and habitual than it may seem.
What is gonorrhea?
Let's start by knowing What is gonorrhea? It is a common bacterial infection . Far from what many people think, gonorrhea or gonorrhea is cured in a short time with antibiotics . What's more, many of those affected by this ailment do not even notice the symptoms. Of course, if not caught in time, the gonorrhea itself can bring complications in the medium term.
Gonorrhea is one of those classified as sexually transmitted diseases ( ETS ). In fact, the group that is most commonly attacked is the one that goes from 15 to 30 years old . The reason, we will know next. Once we know what gonorrhea is, it is time to know how it is transmitted
How is gonorrhea transmitted?
Mucha people do not know how gonorrhea is transmitted . Precisely this is how gonorrhea is transmitted, due to the lack of information. And is that gonorrhea is spread after having unprotected sex with another infected person . Sexual relations can be vaginal, anal or oral, and in all cases can lead to infection.
The transmission of gonorrhea comes when the semen , the fluid preseminal or the vaginal secretions , contact genitals, mouth or anus. That is, it can be contracted and transmitted by both men and women. Moreover, it is not necessary to have a complete relationship for the gonorrhea to be transmitted. There may be no penetration, but the liquid may touch the other person.
There have been cases in which gonorrhea has arrived through the eyes . When someone touches them, with remnants of infected secretions in their hands, they can easily get STDs. The worst thing about gonorrhea is that it can also be transmitted to a baby , in childbirth , if it is infected. If the gonorrhea contracts during pregnancy, it can lead to premature birth or various infections in the baby.
What should be clear is that gonorrhea is not contagious with minimal or casual contact . That is, this ETS is not transmitted by sharing a glass, a meal, or even by kissing, sneezing or sitting in a toilet. It is necessary to have sexual relations, hence its categorization in the ETS segment.
Another worrying element is that many people with gonorrhea , do not know who has it Having no symptoms, ETS tests are not done and, thus, infect other people, without being aware of it. Hence the importance of using condoms, especially in relationships with whom we do not know.
Causes of gonorrhea
Las causes of gonorrhea are clear: do not take precautions when having sex. The prophylactic are absolutely non-negotiable in the casual relationships you have.
The causes of gonorrhea are the bacteria that cause it.In the case of women, they are located in the area of the vagina, but they can also be in the eyes.
As we have already said, the causes of gonorrhea are limited to having unprotected sexual intercourse with someone infected. Now, there are elements that can enhance the contagion options . For example, the abusive consumption of alcohol and drugs , which makes the body more vulnerable to infection.
Another cause of gonorrhea is having multiple casual lovers and not using condoms with them . The risk there ex maximum because, as we say, some infected do not know that they are. If it is and does not say it, it could even be a crime.
Symptoms of gonorrhea
Time now to know the > symptoms of gonorrhea . Some symptoms that, sometimes, may not appear. This can be a problem, because we can infect other people without knowing it. This occurs in a 80% of infected women . Meanwhile, in men the percentage drops to 10%, because in them the symptoms of gonorrhea tend to occur more commonly.
However, the usual thing is that the symptoms of gonorrhea , appear several days after the infection in women . In men , symptoms may take up to a month after infection . But what are these symptoms of gonorrhea? They vary according to the sex of the infected:
- Symptoms of gonorrhea in women
- Irregular menstruation
- Bleeding between menses
- Vomiting and nausea
- Constant urination
- Pain when urinating
- Swelling of the vulva
- Abdominal pain
- Spots in the anus
- Yellowish vaginal discharge
- Strong smell of vaginal discharge
- Pain and discomfort when having sex
- Symptoms of gonorrhea in men
- Pain and sensation of burning when urinating
- Constant urges to urinate
- Secretion similar to pus through the penis
- Painful movements in the intestine
Treatments for gonorrhea
Finally, we review the treatments against gonorrhea . However, the best treatment against gonorrhea, as we have already said, is to take precautions . Use condoms when we have risky sex.
If you have already contracted the disease, it is time to carry out the gonorrhea treatment yes or yes. In this case, it is recommended not to have sexual intercourse until the end of the treatment
A treatment that is usually based on antibiotics . And is that gonorrhea, despite its fame, is easily cured with certain medications . However, there are times when gonorrhea is reluctant and, in this case, the patient must combine several antibiotics, some stronger than usual.
Normally, antibiotics are usually administered by orally . Now, if the patient has a severe infection, you may need a injection , before starting oral treatment.All should be tested, in case there has been contagion.
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