What are varicose veins? Causes, types, symptoms and treatments

Fortunately or unfortunately, everyone is exposed to varicose veins at some point. However, this does not have to be dramatic. It has a solution and we will tell you. What's more, we're going to show you what are varicose veins : causes , types , symptoms and treatments

> What are varicose veins? Causes, types, symptoms and treatments

To get an idea, varicose veins affect one in four adults . And the complicated thing is that they go more with age. From the age of 50, one in two adults has problems of this type. That said, let's see what varicose veins are.

What are varicose veins?

The first thing to know is > What are varicose veins? Varicose veins or chronic venous insufficiency , are veins that dilate and become visible on the skin surface . The most common is that they appear on the legs, but can also develop in other parts of the body. Varicose veins are more common in women than in men.

Veins are formed by valves whose job is to facilitate the flow of blood to the heart. When they do not work correctly, the blood stops flowing, which causes the veins to dilate and thus become varicose veins. They do not usually cause greater health problems , but often require treatments to relieve pain, dissolve clots or solve some other complication.

Varicose veins usually have a color that goes from blue to purple , being quite visible. In addition, they usually ignite. The veins that are most likely to be affected are those of the legs, feet and especially those of the calves. But why do they come out? This is what we will see in the causes of varicose veins .

Causes of varicose veins

The causes of varicose veins are many and varied. Now, there are three most common causes:

What are varicose veins? Causes, types, symptoms and treatments
  • Congenitally defective valves - The valves ensure that blood flows to the heart. If they fail, this blood builds up in a vein, causing tremendous swelling.
  • Thrombophlebitis - Thrombi are clots that prevent normal blood circulation. If we spend a lot of time in bed, without moving, they are habitual. A typical example is given in hospital admissions. The arm of the track, having it still for several days, produces thrombophlebitis.
  • Pregnancy - It is common for women, during pregnancy, to develop varicose veins. They are secondary and usually disappear within a month of giving birth.

In addition to these three causes of varicose veins more common, there are others that occur with some assiduity.

What are varicose veins? Causes, types, symptoms and treatments
  • Sedentary
  • Obesity
  • Standing for a long time
  • Predisposition genetic

Once we know the causes, it's time to know what types of varicose veins exist.

Types of varicose veins varices

To determine the types of varicose veins we have, the specialist will perform tests such as ultrasound Doppler . It is a non-invasive practice, relatively simple to execute, since it is not necessary to apply injectable contrast.Usually, varicose veins are not too large, although they are very striking. Luckily, the biggest problem they usually cause is aesthetic, but not pathological and they heal in days or weeks.

Reticular veins

They have a greenish-blue color and a vein that can be seen through the skin. Although they are asymptomatic, they usually indicate the imminent arrival of major varicose veins.

Truncal varicose veins

Trunk varicose veins are those that show dilated and raised veins. They are clearly seen while standing and carry symptoms with them. If it is not treated in time, it can damage the skin with spots , skin fibrosis or ulcers . On the other hand, if the varicose vein goes over, it can become a thrombophlebitis , or even a hemorrhage , if it ends up breaking.

Por On the other hand, varicose veins can also be cataloged by the moment of their appearance :

Primary varicose veins

The primary varicose veins are those that arise with the evolution of the disease. They appear as a fault in a saphenous axis, and are usually located in the thigh or leg.

What are varicose veins? Causes, types, symptoms and treatments

Atypical varicose veins

varicose veins Atypical which appear to pregnant women and can be maintained after giving light. They are shown in the leg and in the pelvis, as they are caused by pelvic reflux.

Secondary varicose veins

The varices secondary are the varicose veins that arise after patience has been operated to remove them. By having the area involved, the varicose veins appear without a logical pattern.

Postphlebitic varicose veins

Finally, the varicose veins postphlebitic arise after a venous thrombosis of the deep venous system that has caused the ailment. In this case, the treatment is exercice

Symptoms of varicose veins

The symptoms of varicose veins usually start mildly, but it is best not to let them go. The longer we take to stop the disease, the more complicated it will be. These are the symptoms of varicose veins.

What are varicose veins? Causes, types, symptoms and treatments
  • Visible appearance of varicose veins
  • Heavy legs
  • Cramps
  • Swelling
  • Constant pain
  • Edema
  • Venous ulcers
  • Dermatitis
  • Occasional bleeding

Treatments for varicose veins

We finish by reviewing the treatments against varicose veins . Treatments that, being a chronic disease, are limited to alleviating pain and symptoms. For this reason, treatments against varicose veins are very varied.

What are varicose veins? Causes, types, symptoms and treatments
  • Medications - The most common drugs are diosmin, hydrosmin and oxerutins.
  • Plants medicinal - Specifically, those with venotonic properties . The most effective and recognized are the horse chestnut, ruscus, red vine, Ginko biloba and witch hazel. The most common is to apply it in the form of cream or gel, but can also be taken orally.
  • Operation - If the varicose veins have become very complicated, there will be no other option but to go through operating room
  • Compression stockings - There are socks that help move blood from the skin to the heart.The effect of heat is vasodilator and harmful to varicose veins.
  • Apply cold water - With the same shower, we apply cold water to the varicose veins. We will do it in the form of circles and slowly.
  • Do not wear too tight clothing - Prevents proper circulation

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