Treatments against Melasma
When your skin is suffering from dark spots on the cheeks, forehead or nose it may be melasma . This condition is responsible for brown spots or black and are caused by a change in pigmentation , pregnant women are prone to suffer from melasma . It is very important not to expose yourself to the sun if you suffer from these spots and if you have to leave, always put sun protection .
However, if you want information More detailed about melasma, click on this complete article: What is Melasma? Causes and treatments
If you suffer from this condition you should go to a doctor to diagnose melasma and provide a treatment according to the degree of pigmentation . Treatment may vary but it is mainly recommended not to expose yourself to the sun without sun protection , at the same time use some special creams against melasma that have inhibitors of pigmentation and vitamins.
Although when melasma appears it is difficult to eliminate it completely, the treatment must be constant and many times extra treatment is added such as laser and light therapy . They are not the only treatments available against melasma, as we will see below.
Treatments against melasma
Treatments against melasma vary according to several elements. From the intensity of the stain, to the affected area, going through the time you take them. However, first of all, it's advisable to go to the dermatologist . It will be he who decides what treatment against melasma to apply. Most likely, it is one of these:
- Creams - They are used when the melasma is superficial. They suppose a prolonged treatment in the time but effective. Some can go more than six months. They are whitening creams that can be applied in any area. The most common are:
- Retinoid - Used to minimize dark spots on the skin. The most recognizable are tretinoin, adapalene and tazarotene.
- Hydroquinone - It is somewhat stronger and its use is limited in time. It lightens the skin but may have side effects such as redness or peeling of the skin.
- Topical corticosteroid - They are recommended when melasma, in addition to blemish, produces inflammation in the skin. Its use can not be too long either
- Azelaic acid - Helps control melanin and lightens affected skin
- Kojic acid - Used as a complement to other acids to clarify and improve the skin.
- Treatments aesthetic - Directly, we remove the superficial part of the skin. Therefore, it is an intervention that should be supervised by the dermatologist.
- Chemical peeling - It is applied topically but, instead of cream, we take acid that will help to renew the skin affected
- Microdermabrasion - It is an exfoliation performed by a professional who removes and cleans the superficial layers of the skin
- Microneedles - Through microneedles, the production of collagen and the circulation of blood to reduce the darkening of the skin are enhanced
- Intense pulsed light - It is the last alternative, if the previousBasically, a heat wave is thrown on the skin that destroys melanin. It is indicated for deep and serious melasmas. In addition, a space of 7 to 10 days should be given between sessions. A dermatologist should supervise the process, because the laser can burn the skin easily.
Home treatments against melasma
If you do not want to spend too much money, you can try these home treatments against melasma . They are not scientifically proven but that does not mean that many people try. These are some home treatments against melasma.
- Onion with vinegar - Grind an onion and add a generous dribble of vinegar. Mix the result well and apply it in the melasma. If it stings you as soon as you put it on, remove it with water quickly. If not, hold for 15 minutes and then remove with warm water.
- Banana Mask - As simple as mashing a banana and applying it to the melasma zone. Let it act for 15 minutes and remove with warm water. Alternate this mask, one day yes, one day no.
- Aubergine mask - Chop the inside of a berenjema and crush it to create a paste. Apply it in the area of melasma and leave it for a quarter of an hour, to rinse it with water. Repeat the process on alternate days
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