Prevention of sexually transmitted diseases (STDs)

Genital herpes, HPV, syphilis, gonorrhea, chlamydia ... Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) are afflicted by millions of people around the world. How to prevent the spread of venereal diseases or sexual transmission? In Blogmedicina we tell you.

Diseases of sexual transmission: together with shame and ignorance

Throughout history Sexually transmitted diseases were something shameful that they did not talk about and they tried to hide. Historical research indicates that Christopher Columbus when he returned from America in 1493 not only brought products such as potato, vanilla or cocoa . Also among the sailors were people suffering from syphilis, in this way was introduced in Spain in the fifteenth century. It is not the only disease that is related to the trips of Columbus, they also exported to America diseases such as plague or smallpox, for which the Indians did not yet have immunity.

The gonorrhea, the chlamydia, herpes or AIDS , millions of people suffer from them worldwide , however, they often hide from shame and do not go to the doctor. When waiting, time is lost and the disease can cause more damage than if treated early. There are no good or bad diseases, there are only diseases , the same has been taken by sexual contact or through another route of contagion. The important thing is to face them and treat them.
The most feared is AIDS but others such as gonorrhea or syphilis without treatment can cause serious health problems.

Definition of diseases of sexual transmission

They are abbreviated with the acronym ETS. In English STDs Sexually Transmitted Diseases. They are diseases of an infectious nature that are caused mostly through sexual contact . There are other ways of contagion, however, such as HIV or AIDS. Prevention is important and if you suspect something anomalous, you have to consult a doctor.

Types of diseases of sexual transmission

  • Chlamydia or Cervisitis
  • Syphilis
  • Gonorrhea
  • Pelvic inflammatory disease (EPI)
  • Genital herpes
  • Trichomoniasis
  • Human papilloma virus (HPV)
  • AIDS or HIV
  • Venereal warts
  • crabs or Pediculus pubis
  • Hepatitis B (this disease can be contracted by contaminated blood, via fetal, and also sexually)
  • Vaginitis (fungal or candidiasis by or trichosome vaginitis)
  • Lymphogranuloma venereum (LGV)
  • Scabies (which can also be transmitted by skin contact with the person who has it)

Advice to prevent transmission diseases Sexual

Common sense is one of the best tips for preventing sexually transmitted diseases , although sex is often linked to lack of control and many people do not They think that "for once" nothing will happen to them. The issue is that with each person who has sex goes with it all its history, if that person is a carrier of a disease can transmit it to their sexual contacts.

Prevention of sexually transmitted diseases (STDs)

Mutual monogamy , - have active sex with a single person or partner who has in turn decided to be monogamous with us and logically does not suffer from any previous sexually transmitted disease.The best way to have safe sex is to use condoms.
To use condoms To avoid having sexual intercourse without using a condom with anyone other than the usual partner, although the condom can protect does not do it 100%, this is the zero risk 'does not exist, but using the condom as a rule can prevent many diseases.

Vaccines, there are sexually transmitted diseases that can be prevented thanks to vaccines like the human papilloma virus (HPV). The infection by this virus is the sexually transmitted disease with the most prevalence in the world. The vaccine can protect against some of the most common types of HPV. In Spain, the HPV vaccine is included in the vaccination schedule. All adolescent girls should be vaccinated administered between 12 and 14 years, only girls and in two doses.


The vaccine against Hepatitis B, which although it can be acquired through blood, and via fetal can also be contracted through sexual contact, we put it babies, of newborns in three doses with 0 months, with two months and with 6 months.

Wash hands often and always before and after a sexual relationship.


  • Avoid sharing towels or underwear as well as not being Hygienic can sometimes be a source of infection.
  • If you have maintained or maintain sexual relations outside the stable partner, be tested for AIDS. This disease can be treated today and people have a normal life and a good life expectancy. The bad thing is to have it and not know it, because you can infect other people.
  • If you have an alcohol or drug addiction disorder it is important to seek help, this type of people can often share used syringes and practice sex without taking precautions, that is why they are more susceptible to contracting sexually transmitted diseases.
  • Abstinence if you do not have condoms is the best option, to avoid sexually transmitted diseases . Today it is very easy and cheap to find condoms, even in many bars and clubs there are machines with condoms. Think that having sex is a risk that you can regret. Abstinence includes contact where fluids can be exchanged orally (kisses, saliva), vaginal or anal.

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