Angina of breast: what is, causes, symptoms and treatment
Angina of the chest may sound somewhat better than Myocardial Infarction , but both diseases have much in common. To begin with, the seriousness that its consequences can have. For now, we're going to tell you all about Angina of the chest : what is , causes , symptoms and treatment Myocardial Infarction will have to wait. In all the senses.
What is Angina chest?
Before entering the subject, it is advisable to know the main thing: What is breast angina . It is a condition that arises from the obstruction or deterioration of the arteries of the heart . It is also known as arteriosclerosis coronary and, like myocardial infarction, is a ischemic heart disease .
Explain What is angina pectoris, is to explain that the walls of the arteries of the heart are so affected, that do not allow the correct arrival of blood to the heart . The obstruction of these arteries can be caused by a cluster of cholesterol plaques, inflammatory cells or fats.
Be that as it may, Angina is a highly dangerous disease. However, its appearance is usually gradual and alerts the affected of what is going to happen. And it is that the obstruction of the arteries is not sudden. On the contrary, it is progressively taking place, reducing the risk to the heart little by little. The process can take years , so it is usually caught on time, which greatly differentiates it from Myocardial Infarction.
Angina of the chest may also be several types :
- Angina of effort chest - Also known as angina of effort, is the one that arise in full physical effort. It occurs when there is a clear lack of oxygen in the heart and its effects are usually transient and without leaving sequels. In spite of this, it can affect other areas of the body such as the arm, back, throat or jaw). This stable angina pectoris can be:
- Initial angina pectoris - If its consequences do not go beyond 30 days
- Progressive angina - If it has been repeated in the last 30 days, with more intense and habitual pains
- Stable angina - If the affected person's symptoms do not change during 30 days and the pain is persistent
- Resting angina pectoris - The one that appears unexpectedly, without any effort in between. It is the one that most resembles myocardial infarction, because its duration may be longer than expected. The most advisable is to notify a doctor urgently, as it can lead to a heart attack, or even cause death
- Mixed angina - Mixed angina is the one that combines angina of rest with that of effort. Without having one more value than the other, you have the danger of deriving, quickly, in a heart attack. Therefore, you need immediate attention from a specialist. It does not have to be related to physical activity, it can even be confused with a stomach problem, because it can be derived to the abdomen.
Causes of Angina pectoris
Once we know what it is, touch to know the Causes of Angina Breast . Causes that, as you will see below, are many and varied. And is that day to day can cause too many alterations to our heart rate.One of the most common causes of this condition is inflammation of the arteries of the heart. In fact, it is the most common cause of angina pectoris
In addition to the causes of angina pectoris, there are some risk factors that increase the risk of suffering from it.
- Smoking and alcoholism
- Old age
- Being a man (it's more common in them than in women)
- Increased Cholesterol
Symptoms of Angina Chest
The Symptoms of angina pectoris are very similar to those of a myocardial infarction . When we suffer from angina pectoris, immediately, the nerves of the heart warn the brain by means of a stabbing pain.
This pain is usually referred to areas such as arms , neck , head or jaw , to the confusion of the body by this powerful painful stimulus. A pain that, in question, should not exceed 20 minutes . In the case of myocardial infarction, it can be much longer.
However, among the symptoms of the most recognizable angina is chest pain . It appears as if it were a constant burning and oppression, accompanied by respiratory complications. It can also cause nausea, even a momentary loss of consciousness.
Treatments for Angina Chest
By last, these are the Most common angina treatments .
- Sleep - In many cases, angina pectoris is only a warning to sailors that is cured with rest and rest days.
- Nitroglycerin - La The most common medication for angina is nitroglycerin. It helps to dilate arteries and reduces pain considerably. Its administration can be in pill or spray
- Calcioantagonistas - They block calcium channels so that it does not reach the heart cells. Thus, the effort made by the area is much lower and oxygen demand decreases.
- Surgery - If Angina does not respond to treatment, the option goes through the intervention surgical With this surgery, the obstruction of the arteries is corrected, through a stent, a baypass or a coronary angioplasty.
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